1886

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

Berne Convention Adopted

1887

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

Net price principle adopted in Germany

1888-1892

1893

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

Creation of United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property in Bern (BRPI) with a staff complement of 7

1894-1895

1896 | Paris

IPA President

Georges Masson (FR)

IPA Secretary General

Lucien Layus – honorary

Other IPA notable occasions

IPA founded as International Publishers Congress, based in Paris

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

Berne Convention first version completed on 4 May at Paris

1897 | Bruxelles

IPA President

Emile Bruylant (BE)

1898

1899 | London

IPA President

John Murray (UK)

IPA Secretary General

Other IPA notable occasions

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

1900

1901 | Leipzig

IPA President

Albert Brockhaus (DE)

IPA Secretary General

Alfred Melly

Other IPA notable occasions

IPA office moves to Berne (Place du Théâtre 2)

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

1902-1905

1906 | Milan

IPA President

Tito Ricordi (IT)

1907

1908 | Madrid

IPA President

José Ruiz Lôpez (ES)

IPA Secretary General

Other IPA notable occasions

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

1909

1910 | Amsterdam

IPA President

W.P. van Stockum (NL)

IPA Secretary General

Other IPA notable occasions

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

1911-1912

1913 | Budapest

IPA President

Victor Rauschburg (AT-HU)

IPA Secretary General

Other IPA notable occasions

IPA publishes: Technical Vocabulary of Publishing in Seven Languages

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

1914-1918

1919-1920

1921

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

PEN International founded in London

1922

IPA President

W.P. van Stockum (NL)

IPA Secretary General

R. von Stürler

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

League of Nations creates the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation (later UNESCO)

1923-1926

1927

IPA President

Ove Tryde (DK)

1928-1930

1931 | Paris

IPA President

Louis Hachette (FR)

Other IPA notable occasions

IPA office moves to Geneva (5, Avenue Marc-Monnier)

1932

1933 | Brussels

IPA President

Théophile Zech-Levie (BE)

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

Nazi book burnings

1934

1935

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

In the UK, Allen, John and Richard Lane found Penguin Books with the intention of making cheap paperbacks available

1936 | London

IPA President

Stanley Unwin (UK)

1937

1938 | Leipzig

IPA President

Karl Baur (DE)

1939-1945

1946

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

The International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation becomes the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Logo Unesco 1945

1947

IPA President

Stanley Unwin (UK)

1948

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10 December 1948 Berne Convention, Brussels Text adopted, remaining in force in some countries even after the 1967 Stockholm and 1971 Paris revisions, until WTO TRIPS 1994

1949

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments ​

First post-war Frankfurt Book Fair held in St. Paul’s Church

1950

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

UNESCO Florence Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials approved

1951

1952

IPA Secretary General

Hans Conzett (1915 – 1996) – honorary

Other IPA notable occasions

IPA office moves to Zurich

World IP/FtP/ book-related developments

Universal Copyright Convention adopted in Berne, Switzerland

1953

Other IPA notable occasions

International Publishers Congress renamed as International Publishers Association

1954 | Zürich

IPA President

Gustav Keckeis (CH)

1955

1955 | Florence

IPA President

Antonio Vallardi (IT)

1957-1958